How to generate SSH key in Linux/Unix ?

 How to generate SSH key in Linux/Unix ?

To generate SSH key in Linux/Unix we use ssh-keygen tool . It is used to generate SSH keys that help us to manage SSH authentication.

The ssh-keygen tool generate the public and private key . By default , the public stores in $HOME/.ssh/id_rsa.pub and the private key stores in $HOME/.ssh/id_rsa file location .

Example:

$ ssh-keygen 
Generating public/private rsa key pair.
Enter file in which to save the key (/home/sekar/.ssh/id_rsa): 
Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase): 
Enter same passphrase again: 
Your identification has been saved in /home/sekar/.ssh/id_rsa.
Your public key has been saved in /home/sekar/.ssh/id_rsa.pub.
The key fingerprint is:
f9:a5:8a:04:4e:a6:3b:3b:ff:05:10:61:fe:8e:f1:2f sekar@rathna-Satellite-C850
The key's randomart image is:
+--[ RSA 2048]----+
| +. |
| o . |
| o |
| o . |
| = o S . |
| = * . . o |
| . o + . o |
| o. .E+ . |
| o=..o.o |
+-----------------+

 

In the above example, After hitting  ssh-keygen and enter it will ask for location of rsa key file to be saved. You can leave it empty to save the file in its default location $HOME/.ssh/id_rsa . Then it ask for passphrase , here you need to type your passphrase and confirm it by re-enter the same passphrase . If you leave it empty then it consider as no passphrase .

You can verify your generated SSH public/private key as below .

sshkey




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