How does Routing Information Protocol works

 

Routing information protocol:

 

The Routing Information Protocol (RIP) provides the standard IGP protocol for local area common internet routing protocol for routing within networks. RIP is widely used for routing traffic in the global Internet and is an interior gateway protocol (IGP), which means that it performs routing within a single autonomous system. Exterior gateway protocols, such as the Border Gateway Protocol (BGP), perform routing between different autonomous systems. networks, and provides great network stability, The Routing Information Protocol (RIP) was written by C. Hedrick from Rutgers University in June 1988.

 

RIP is considered an effective solution for small homogeneous networks. For larger, more complicated networks, RIP’s transmission of the entire routing table every 30 seconds may put a heavy amount of extra traffic in the network.The major alternative to RIP is the Open Shortest Path First Protocol (ospf).

 

How RIP works:

 

What makes RIP work is a routing database that stores information on the fastest route from computer to computer, an update process that enables each router to tell other routers which route is the fastest from its point of view, and an update algorithm that enables each router to update its database with the fastest route communicated from neighboring routers.

 

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Source: slideshare.net